2014-03-19

Scientists Open a New Window into Quantum Physics with Superconductivity in LEDs

A team of University of Toronto physicists led by Alex Hayat has proposed a novel and efficient way to leverage the strange quantum physics phenomenon known as entanglement. The approach would involve combining light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with a superconductor to generate entangled photons and could open up a rich spectrum of new physics as well as devices for quantum technologies, including quantum computers and quantum communication.
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2014-03-13

Scientists Build Thinnest LEDs

Most modern electronics, from flat-screen TVs and smartphones to wearable technologies and computer monitors, use tiny light-emitting diodes, or LEDs. These LEDs are based off of semiconductors that emit light with the movement of electrons. As devices get smaller and faster, there is more demand for such semiconductors that are tinier, stronger and more energy efficient.
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2014-03-10

OJI Establishes Fine-Structure Novel Fabrication Manufacturing Technology for Sapphire Substrate for LEDs

Oji Holdings Corporation has established the fabrication technology of patterned sapphire substrates (PSS) for LEDs which improves the performance of front luminance of LEDs by more than double compared to that of LEDs with non-structured sapphire substrate, by applying the technique of precise coating with fine particles.
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2014-03-07

Fairchild Semiconductor: Low Power LED Market Trends and Applications

Fairchild Semiconductor recently released a white paper on low power LED market and applications. The paper is written by the company’s Lighting Specialist Brian Johnson and Marketing Specialist James Lee. Below is an excerpt from the paper:
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2014-03-06

Harvest Electricity through LEDs with one Stomp

With one stomp of his foot, Zhong Lin Wang illuminates a thousand LED bulbs – with no batteries or power cord. The current comes from essentially the same source as that tiny spark that jumps from a fingertip to a doorknob when you walk across carpet on a cold, dry day. Wang and his research team have learned to harvest this power and put it to work.
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2014-03-06

Gallium Nitride makes LED Lamps more Compact

Coping with higher temperatures LEDs do have one weakness, though – they are extremely sensitive to variations and spikes in power. To function properly, they need a driver that ensures a constant supply of power at all times. This driver, which takes the alternating current from the grid and converts it into direct current with a reduced voltage, has a profound influence on the light yield and lifetime of the LED lamp as a whole. The demands placed on the driver electronics are correspondingly high. This has prompted researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Appli...
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2014-02-28

Use of LED’s in Endoscopy and Laparoscopy

It was 1950 when Mr. Hopkins met Dr. Hugh Gainsborough, a gatroentreroligst at St. George’s Hospital London, where he was put forth with a challenge of illumination while operating within abdomen.  By 1954, Hopkins invented flexible glass rods which transmitted light from external light source to the inspecting tissue residing within the body of patient, which came to be known as rod lens system.  Concurrently early 1950 saw the birth of fibre optic light transmitting system which revolutionized the field of communication.
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2014-02-25

NRL Roadmap to Efficient Green-Blue-Ultraviolet LEDs

Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) have suggested a method that could significantly increase the efficiency of green-blue-ultraviolet light-emitting diodes based on GaInN/GaN, AlGaN/GaN, and AlInN/GaN quantum wells. Their approach could enable advances in solid state lighting and the creation of low threshold lasers and high power light LEDs. Their research is published in the January 25 and November 26, 2013 issues of Applied Physics. 
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2014-02-19

UPM Makes Progress in Water Contaminant Detection with UV LED Device

Researchers at Technical University of Madrid (UPM) are working in the development of hydrocarbons early detection devices for rivers in order to prevent contamination that could seriously affect the environment.
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2014-02-18

Quantum Dots Provide Complete Control of Photons

By emitting photons from a quantum dot at the top of a micropyramid, researchers at Linköping University are creating a polarized light source for such things as energy-saving computer screens and wiretap-proof communications.
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2014-02-07

Texas Instruments: Multi-string LED Lighting Systems and Top Four Linear Regulator Questions

Joe DeNicholas, Product Line Manager, Lighting Power Products, Texas Instruments (TI) tackles some common issues in Multi-string LED lighting systems in this blog entry.
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2014-02-03

New Possibilities for OLED Based on a Single-Molecule LED

Research by Gaël Reecht, Fabrice Scheurer, Virginie Speisser and et al from University of Strasbourg, France luminescence can be achieved by a single polymer molecule, which could be the smallest possible OLED device, according to Physic Review article. Below is the synopsis for the report on Physical Review Letters by Don Monroe :
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2014-01-27

UC San Diego Engineers Develop Underwater LED Communication System

University of California, San Diego electrical engineering professor Zhaowei Liu and colleagues have taken the first steps in a project to develop fast-blinking LED systems for underwater optical communications. 
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2014-01-10

Hubble Lighting: Understanding LED Drive Current & Current Density

When evaluating the working stresses of a semiconductor device, such as an LED, the output current from the power supply or the current delivered to the circuit board, LED string and LED package are of little consequence without associating these values to the device ratings. With respect to power, the electrical metric that is most closely associated with LED performance and lifetime is current density. Performance metrics such as efficacy, lumen maintenance and color point stability depend largely upon the designed current level (or current density) of the LED, which may be related to the physical size of the LED die or electrical arrangement of multiple die within an LED package.
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2013-12-30

Lighting Psychology: Cognitive and Emotional Responses to Lighting

In this white paper, Robert Davis, Director, Product Innovation & Marketing at LiteControl provides some insights on how lighting designs are perceived by the brain. Davis, who holds a PhD, is a Fellow of the Illuminating Engineering Society.
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2013-12-18

Small Size Enhances Charge Transfer in Quantum Dots

In a study just published in the journal Chemical Communications, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory, Stony Brook University, and Syracuse University show that shrinking the core of a quantum dot can enhance the ability of a surrounding polymer to extract electric charges generated in the dot by the absorption of light.
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2013-12-12

Philips Lumileds: Chip Scale Packaging for LEDs

PhD. Bhardwaj Jyoti, Senior Vice President, R&D, Philips Lumileds gives detailed information about the development of chip scale package technology in this article. Chip scale packages are novel to the LED industry but they are the mainstay of the semiconductor industry. Development of CSP in the Si ICs was driven by miniaturization, improved thermals, higher reliability, and simply the need to connect to an ever increasing pin-count on an ever shrinking die. Chip Scale packages also enabled a reduction in device parasitic and allowed for ease of integration into Level 2 packaging. It is therefore a natural evolution for such packaging innovation to proliferate into other industries including the LED product space and therefore not surprising that Chip-scale packaging has made inroads into the LED industry as recently released by Philips Lumileds. 
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2013-07-09

Three Steps to Purchase Ideal LED Luminaire with Ease

Quality of LED bulbs on the market varies greatly, the unqualified LED bulbs ordinary consumers bought will be easily broken and lack luster over time, in order to purchase qualified products, consumers must check the certification logo at first. Essential Safety Certification Xiaoming Ai, CEO of OSRAM (China) Lighting Co., Ltd., said that consumers must choose the LED products in line with national standards and coming with safety certification, such as CCC, GS, CE, and UL. "These products provide powerful guaranty of safety, performance and d...
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2013-07-01

American Scientists Develop the New Generation of Fully Integrated LED Component

Earlier, the Smart Lighting Engineering Research Center of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute wisdom Lighting Engineering Research Center announced that it has succeeded in integrating the LED and power transistors on the same gallium nitride (GaN) chip. The researchers said that this innovation opens the door to a new generation of LED technology, because it is cheaper to manufacture, more efficient, and the new features and applications are far beyond the lighting category. Currently, the core of LED lighting system is LED chips making from gallium nitride, bu...
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2013-06-28

Powerful Red GaN LEDs Made with Europium and Magnesium Codoping

Europium (Eu) doped nitride semiconductors make it possible to create novel optical devices, such as a low threshold lasers and single photon emitters. However, not all europium ions are incorporated in semiconductor optical active site that can be excited through the GaN host. Therefore, it is important to develop methods to selectively incorporate europium ions in higher-efficiency optical sites. Hiroto Sekiguchi and his colleagues at Toyohashi University of Technology and Hamamatsu Photonics Ltd have improved the emission intensity from europium ions by magnesium co-dop...
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2013-06-19

More Efficient and Constant Display Backlighting with Osram-LEDs

Even at high temperatures and high currents the MicroSideled 3806 from Osram Opto Semiconductors ensures stable light conditions on the display. The brightness of this light emitting diode, which is available in white and blue, remains constant throughout its lifetime, and the color rendering leaves nothing to be desired. They also offer particularly impressive efficiency so these semiconductor light sources are ideal for portable devices such as tablets and smartphones. Thanks to its excellent efficiency, the MicroSideled from Osram Opto Semiconductors is the ideal energy...
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2013-06-18

Dow Corning Expands Thermal Management Options with Two Products Offering Optimized Rheology for Electronics Applications

Source: Courtesy of Dow Corning   As electronics designers and manufacturers continue to move toward smaller, faster and higher performing devices, the challenge of thermal management is steadily mounting. Less board space and increased operating frequencies are raising temperatures, and risking reduced device performance and reliability over time. To help electronics designers and manufacturers address these thermal challenges, Dow Corning is introducing two advanced new products to its proven line of Thermal Interface Materials (TIMs):  Dow Corning® T...
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2013-04-01

A few Questions one Should Pay Attention to When Purchasing LED Lighting

Obvious energy saving effectiveness, long lifetime, no radiation, no RF interference, no white noise, soft light rays, and a wide operating voltage range are all special features of LED lighting, and becoming well received daily.  As a consumer, how are you able to pick the best product to satisfy your needs with a wide range of LED lights spread out before you?   First is through packaging and trademark. LED lighting products are forced by the country to include the following information on the outside packaging label: voltage rating, voltage range,......
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2013-03-22

Process Control Method for Accelerating LED Manufacturing Yield, Agility, and Profitability

Author: Steven Chen, Process Control Solutions Technologist, KLA-Tencor Corporation Introduction LED manufacturing is undergoing a tremendous transformation.  The evolution to high brightness LED, larger wafer size and new complex architectures make LED manufacturing more challenging than ever before.  Even though these trends greatly benefit the advancement of the LED industry in terms of LED efficiency and performance, they can also potentially negatively impact yield.  In order for LED manufacturers to stay competitive in this dynamic environment, they need to have a comprehensive in-line process control strategy to improve the yield to make the solution cost effective. Currently, most LED manufacturers rely on inspection tools to inspect and provide defects of interest (DOI).  Defect density is typically utilized as the gauge for statistical process control (SPC) control.  However, the drawback of this approach is the fact that there can potentially be a lot of nuisance defect that does not cause yield loss.  In looking at a defective wafer through an inspection tool, how do you determine which defects are killer defects that impact the yield or electrical performance, and which defects are nuisance?  How can killer defects be detected at the earliest possible time to prevent costly excursions?  These are the questions that must be addressed properly. 
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2013-03-20

Fast and easy growth analysis on Patterned Sapphire Substrates (PSS)

In the next years, the use of PSS will further increase due to its high light extraction efficiency. Following this trend, LayTec‘s in-situ metrology software EpiNet 2 can be individually customized for various kinds of PSS. Our users can expand the substrate database by themselves. LayTec‘s Calibration Manual explains how to measure PSS reflectance in different pockets in one single calibration run. If required, LayTec also offers related customer trainings. Once the initial reflectance values of the PSS substrates are uploaded, the operator can choose the needed substrate in the RunType‘s Material Spec window (Fig. 1). As a result, all PSS wafers can be monitored with the same accuracy as standard sapphire substrates.
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2013-03-20

LayTec launches a new version of EpiCurve® TT

A major challenge of in-situ metrology on single-port reactors with small viewport geometries is the combination of curvature measurements by a blue laser with reflectance measurement at 405 nm. The blue laser is a must for patterned sapphire substrates (PSS) and double-side polished substrates.  The 405 nm reflectance is indispensable for monitoring of InGaN MQW growth. Until now, it was impossible to have both features for reactors with only one small optical access because of the cross-talk effect. The new optical and electronic design of EpiCurve® TT eliminates this problem.
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2013-02-22

Osram Coordinates a BMBF Project for Developing High-brilliance Infrared Laser Sources

The aim is to increase the performance and lower the costs of laser systems for material processing As part of the ‘Integrated Microphotonics’ initiative, Osram Opto Semiconductors is coordinating the IMOTHEB project (Integrated microoptical and microthermal elements for diode lasers of high brilliance). The aim is to improve the performance of laser systems and at the same time reduce production costs. The project partners are DILAS Diode Laser and the Max Born Institute. The project (FKZ 13N12312) runs from October 1, 2012 to September 30, 2...
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2013-01-22

Be Careful of a Mercury Poisoning Disaster Caused by CFL Lightbulb

CFL bulbs contain mercury and when they break in your home a tiny amount of mercury will be released and become a more or less permanent part of your environment. Here’s a little taste of what Health Canada has to say about the dangers of mercury: If mercury is burned, heated, sprinkled or spilled in the home, a poisonous gas can be produced, requiring a clean-up procedure. Your first instinct when you break one of those coiled CFL light bulbs will be to get out the vacuum cleaner. Don’t. Here’s what Health Canada suggests: The amount of mercury found...
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2013-01-11

Scientists Inspired by Fireflies to Develop Brighter LED Bulbs

Fireflies have been the source of inspiration for scientists and research groups working on developing better lighting devices for a sustainable future. Using this technology alone, a team of researchers at Syracuse University debuted zero-energy lights. Now an international team of scientists are using nature’s technology to develop LED light bulbs which produce more luminescence using the same amount of energy. In all types of fireflies, the bioluminescence is emitted through the cuticle of their exoskeleton, however, a part of the luminescence is reflected back...
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2012-12-18

TI Makes LED Lighting Design Easy and Fast

Industry’s first fully integrated LED drivers in industry-standard IC packages helps developers skirt design complexities Texas Instruments Incorporated (TI) (NASDAQ: TXN) introduced two fully integrated LED driver micro-modules that eliminate the external components and complex layout placement challenges typical of LED driver designs. The 450-mA TPS92550 and TPS92551 DC/DC LED driver modules are the industry’s first to incorporate all the required power and passive circuitry into a single IC package to deliver up to 23W of power to...
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Today Philips Lumileds launches its proprietary CrispWhite Technology, yet another quality of light breakthrough in its portfolio, making whites appear vivid and bright while colors appear saturated. LUXEON CoB arrays with CrispWhite Technolog... READ MORE

For the first time there is a compact laser multi-chip package. Osram Opto Semiconductors can pack up to 20 blue laser chips in the new PLPM4 450 module. Instead of taking the laborious approach and constructing a light source from individual ... READ MORE