Can The Moiré Pattern of LED Displays be Conquered?

News Source: 
Nowadays LED displays have been used in the field of film and TV entertainment, as backdrops of news broadcasting, movie production studio and so on. However, it is usually to find “water ripples” on the screen when using cameras to shoot LED displays. Those water ripples are called the “moiré pattern”, which will affect works performance. The following paragraph will introduce the optical principle behind this phenomenon and how to overcome the issue.
 
The cause of the “moiré pattern”
 
Digital cameras focus the light reflected by the objects on the image sensors through optical lenses, then via optical to electrical principle, to storage digital signals in their memory.  Image sensors are in charge of recording light, and the “Bayer filters” above the sensors take responsibility to record color. The raw outputs are presented in a mosaic arrangement, and the image files at this time are called “Bayer pattern images”. After that, the images will apply the “De-mosaicing algorithm” to get the final completed images.
 
 “Bayer filter” is set on an image sensor
Figure 1: A “Bayer filter” is set on an image sensor
 
The demonstration of a digital camera forming image
Figure 2: The demonstration of a digital camera forming image
 
However, this method only works well in areas with constant color or smooth gradients. There are some shooting objects with regular stripes. If their stripes density is higher than the resolution of the image sensors, at this time, cameras cannot get the correct data, so they can only apply the algorithm to estimate. This will cause the “moiré pattern” issue.
 
Since LED displays apply regular LED matrices to present images directly, it will cause dramatically “moiré pattern” for cameras when the LED images are at a certain distance. Therefore, the “moiré pattern” issue bothers those who apply LED displays as shooting backdrops.
 
How to avoid the moiré patterns by shooting techniques
 
1. Adjusting distance or angle: The photographers can reduce the stripe density by adjusting the shooting distance, zooming in the focal length, or changing the shooting angle. So that the moiré can be eliminated.

2. Making shallow depth of field: 
If the moiré pattern is not on the main shooting object, the moiré patterns can be avoided by shortening the distance, enlarging the aperture or extending the focal length, etc. to blur the background.
But the two of them will limit photographers’ creativity. Thus Macroblock launches corresponded solutions to overcome the “moiré pattern” issue.
 
Macroblock display solution could overcome the moiré pattern
 
1. Ultra-fine pitch LED modules: In the application of LED virtual production, Macroblock offers p1.25 to p.0.75 ultra-fine pitch COB (Chip on Board) display modules, “VantaMini” series. Because of the smaller pitch, it will shorten the forming distance of the moiré pattern. This not only overcomes the challenge of shooting distance but also breaks the limit of LED studio needs to shoot in Bokeh mode.

2. Optical coating with special structure:
 Referring to digital cameras through low-pass filters to overcome the moiré pattern, Macroblock has developed an “optical coating with special structure” to change the light beam angle of LED displays. And this improves the analysis capability of the camera image sensors for high density LED matrices. So under the same pitch, the moiré pattern issue can be greatly reduced.
 
 
 
Disclaimers of Warranties
1. The website does not warrant the following:
1.1 The services from the website meets your requirement;
1.2 The accuracy, completeness, or timeliness of the service;
1.3 The accuracy, reliability of conclusions drawn from using the service;
1.4 The accuracy, completeness, or timeliness, or security of any information that you download from the website
2. The services provided by the website is intended for your reference only. The website shall be not be responsible for investment decisions, damages, or other losses resulting from use of the website or the information contained therein<
Proprietary Rights
You may not reproduce, modify, create derivative works from, display, perform, publish, distribute, disseminate, broadcast or circulate to any third party, any materials contained on the services without the express prior written consent of the website or its legal owner.

Nichia further demonstrates its commitment in UV-C LED technology with its release of the high output NC4U334BR. Tokushima, Japan — 6 October 2021: NICHIA, the world’s largest LED manufacturer and inventor of the high-brightness bl... READ MORE

With up to 2000lm per LED, LUXEON 7070 delivers the power, efficacy and solution cost reductions luminaire manufacturers need   San Jose, CA – August 31, 2021 – More lumens, higher efficacy, and lower system costs are the... READ MORE