GaN LEDs Can be Fabricated on Amorphous Glass Substrates

Recently, the Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology and Seoul National University have made an announcement that the first LEDs to be fabricated on amorphous glass substrates.

As we know, manufacturers may peffer to improve GaN LEDs on silicon substrates (GaN-on-Si) rather than to choose gallium nitride (GaN)-based LEDs grown on crystalline sapphire wafers due to their expensive cost and are not amenable to large-sized wafer arrays.

But the research conducted by the Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology and Seoul National University has found that GaN LEDs on amorphous glass substrates offer even lower manufacturing costs, easier scalability to large-sized LED arrays, and potential use as emissive devices due to the transparency of the glass substrate material.

According to the research, the secret to controlled growth of the five-period indium GaN/GaN (InGaN/GaN) multiple quantum wells that comprise the emissive layer in the pyramidal-shaped LED array is a thin-film titanium pre-orienting layer that is similar to the GaN hexagonal crystal structure.

Following the pre-orienting layer and the initial low-temperature GaN layer (LT-GaN) is a hole-patterned silicon dioxide (SiO2) layer that further defines the nucleation sites for the emissive-layer growth stages using a local heteroepitaxy process.

After polymerization of the pyramidal structures and a final indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode layer, the pyramidal LED devices were found to emit illumination in the range from 448–478 nm with an approximate luminance of 600 cd/m2.

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